WHAT IS OCD?
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental health disorder that is composed of two parts: Obsessions and Compulsions.
Are unwanted doubts, thoughts, images, and impulses that trigger intense distressing feelings. Emotions such as fear, anxiety, shame, guilt, disgust, and anger typically emerge. These thoughts are repetitive. Many OCD sufferers recognize their doubts do not align with who they are as individuals and seem irrational; however, they feel very real which leads to them performing compulsive behaviors.
Are the behaviors the individual engages in to eliminate these distressing doubts, thoughts, images, and impulses (the obsessions cause). OCD sufferers carry out compulsive behaviors to relieve the distress.
Understanding what drives a person to continue performing the seemingly nonsensical and repetitive behaviors that are involved in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is difficult, especially for loved ones. It can be helpful to try and understand how the problem is maintained.
Two beliefs that are common in many people with OCD:
- Inflated responsibility – belief that they are responsible for preventing harm coming to themselves, a loved one or others.
- Overestimation of threat – belief that things are riskier than they are even if the level of danger is assessed to be relatively low by the person with OCD.